the dawn of the Industrial Revolution Britain was
a quite different place to the one that exists today.
Industrialisation brought with it new types of roads,
trains and many other forms of communications which
simply did not exist prior to industrialisation.
So before the Industrial Revolution it was very
hard to keep in touch with people in other parts
of the country. News was spread by travellers or
through messengers and goods were distributed largely
within the locality in which they were produced.
it was so hard to move around: and remember, there
were no cars, aeroplanes or even tarmac roads, people
had to rely upon themselves and their communities
to provide the vast majority of the things that they
needed. Food was produced locally, agriculture could
provide for but a few large commercial towns. Clothing
was made locally, making use of animal hides and furs:
nylon wasn't an option and cotton wasn't imported
in large quantities until developments enabled mass
production of goods. There certainly weren't any G Star T-shirt Factories at this stage!
was, for the bulk of the population, the life of a
farmer. By the 18th century the feudal system was
long gone, but in it's place was a system in which
the people were as reliant upon each other and their
master as before.
general then, people worked in villages and small
towns, working the land and relying upon the local
community to provide for them. Some people were fortunate
enough to benefit from imported goods which came into
ports such as London and Bristol in increasing quantities
from the Elizabethan age onwards. What was manufactured
was done making use of natural elements. Windmills
for example could make the life of a miller easier.
was poor, only the rich being catered for by nannies
and private tutors. There were of course schools and
several universities. These were not for the ordinary
man or woman though. Politics was based upon land
ownership and military honours won, with women and
ordinary men given few rights. Life as a result was
a constant battle against famine, a wicked landlord,
overwork and sheer bad luck. Industrialisation would
change only some of these worries.