Ancient Egyptians had very strong religious beliefs about the
afterlife, the causes of disease and the way in which to treat
ailments. The first section of this lesson looks at some of these
beliefs, and the way in which they influenced the practice of
A and Source
In what way does Source B support the assertion
made in Source A that Egyptian Medicine was a "curious mixture
of remedies and magic spells"?
all medical practice is Ancient Egyptian times was based on their
religious or spiritual beliefs though. The Egyptians recorded
their understanding of the human body in written form, on what
are now know as Papyrus.
The next section looks at some
examples of Egyptian medical knowledge and the methodology employed
by physicians, as described in the Papyrus Edwin Smith.
the two following sources: Source
C and Source
What do Sources C and D tell us about the
way in which Ancient Egyptians were treated by doctors?
to find out what other treatments were noted in the Paprus Edwin
website goes through different ailments and conditions, illustrating
the method of examination, diagnosis and treatment for each. Pharonic
else do we need to know about the Ancient Egyptians?
Egyptians were aware of many aspects of the human body. Through
the mummification process they had gained a basic understanding
of the anatomy of the body, though religious beliefs prevented
them from developing this knowledge. Their observations of the
Nile led them to understand blockages, which they could remove
from veins and arteries. They were also quite clean, having water
channels bringing clean water to villages and removing used water.
Their religious beliefs led to them cleaning relatively regularly
along with being clean shaven - whch prevents lice etc. from taking
E and Source
What do Sources E and F tell us about the
Egyptians attitude towards health?
do I need to remember?
The Egyptians recorded their ideas, practices and beliefs in Paprus
The Egyptians had a combination of Natural and Supernatural beliefs
about the cause of disease.
The Egyptians valued physicians highly.
The Egyptians had some anatomical knowledge and were capable of
performing minor operations.
may be asked to compare later civilisations with the Ancient Egyptians
in order to test your understanding of Continuity