Ancient City of Baghdad
was built by the Abbasid family in 762AD. They built
Baghdad as they wanted to have a powerful new Capital
away from the supporters of the Umayyad family who
had ruled the Muslims for a long time.
The City was built as a circle and is known as 'the
round city'. One modern Historian describes the
Baghdad as being:
round. It had four gates and 360 towers. On the
outside was a ditch twenty meters wide and a wall
nine meters thick. The main wall was over thirty
meters high and fourteen meters wide at the top.
One section was reserved for the government and
the army and closed off by a wall seventeen and
a half meters high and twenty meters thick. At the
centre of the city was a vast square. here stood
the Golden Palace with it's copper dome and the
Great Mosque. No one entered this central space
except on foot and with permission."
soon became very rich as it was near to all of the
major trade routes. It became a centre for art and
literature as many people stopped in the city and
Rise of Islam is an optional Unit in Key Stage 3