was a Greek philosopher who lived from approximately
460 BC to 377 BC. His work is of great significance
to Historians as the books written by him, or his followers,
are the first examples of what Greek medical thought
was based upon.
theories of Hippocrates dismissed the notion that Magic
or spirits could cause or cure disease. Instead people
such as Hippocrates argued that the doctor should not
apply the same theory for the cause of a disease to
every case. Instead the doctor ought to observe the
patient carefully and make a judgment after careful
consideration of the symptoms. this differed from the
observations of the Egyptians in that there was no 'prescribed'
method of treating the disease, superstition and religion
were not part and parcel of Hippocrates method of treating
Hippocratic medicine allowed diseases to run their natural
course, with doctors giving treatments such as herbal
remedies to ease pain. Only when absolutely necessary
and after a reasonable period of observation and thought
should a doctor resort to Surgery: which in a world
without anesthetics was not always successful.