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How did the Hitler and the Nazi party gain support?

 

Why did people support Hitler and the Nazi party? Hitler was incredibly successful at gaining support. This section looks at the appeal and successes of Hitler and the Nazi party.

The Rise of the Nazi Party was achieved over an incredibly short period of time. From abject failure at the Munich Putsch and the imprisonment of Hitler to the election of Hitler as Chancellor took only 10 years. This turn around was down to a number of changes and policies implemented by the party within a very short period of time.

The failure of the Putsch led Hitler to realise that the only way he would achieve power was through democratic, legal, means. As soon as the Putsch was over Hitler set about reorganising the party to enable such a turn around in the parties fortunes.

The party played on historic fears and complaints with great effect. Hitler was well aware of the Germans animosity towards the Treaty of Versailles. he used this for political gain, blaming the Jews, often a scapegoat in European history, for many of the woes of the twenties and promising to tear up the terms of the hated treaty. Whilst other groups also made similar claims, Hitler's party achieved a higher level of credibility amongst the German public by putting some of their rhetoric into action. The SA were deployed to break up communist meetings: which won the approval of a very nervous middle class. he made promises to farmers about the quality of life, guarantee of earning and with regards their social status. Ex-soldiers were won over by the militaristic images that Hitler used: and his promise of tearing up the Treaty of Versailles and restoring the forces to their previous size won acclaim from many former servicemen.

Even whilst in prison Hitler's aims and objectives proved to be fruitful. Mein Kampf, written whilst behind bars, became a best seller. It publicised the Nazi ideology and, as it was clearly a statement of intent with regards Germany's greatness, it was recognised as being an ideal. Once out of Prison Hitler was able to play on the popularity of these ideals through speeches: he was famed for the power and effectiveness of his Rhetoric.

Use of Propaganda, the radio, posters and film shows, was groundbreaking. It captured the imagination of a disillusioned population and gave them fresh hope. An image had been created of a powerful party with strong leadership. A party that would not allow trivialities to prevent progress. Hitler and his National Socialist movement offered something for everyone: and this at a time when German politicians were failing to control the economy or the radical elements of the left was a potent and powerful political image bound to win support.

Revision Guides - Medicine Through Time and Weimar and Nazi Germany

 
Page last updated 14/03/01
 
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