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King Philip II of Spain

King Phillip II of Spain played a major role in English history at the time of the Tudors. King Phillip had been married to Mary I and was a staunch Catholic. It was the quarrel between Phillip of Spain and Queen Elizabeth I that led to the Spanish Armada being sent to England. Phillip of Spain was a very powerful emperor, his lands spreading not only throughout Spain but also throughout much of Europe: his inheritance being much of Holland, Austria and other parts of the 'Low Countries'.

King Philip of Spain fact file

Modern image of King Philip of Spain

Timeline of Philip of Spain's life and achievements
1527 Born, son of The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal.
1543 Marries Maria of Portugal.
1554 Remarries. Marriage to Mary I of England.
1556 Crowned King of Spain. Philip had already been given Naples, the Netherlands, Sicily and Milan by his father.
1559 Remarries, to Elizabeth of France (Mary I had died by this time)
1567 Sends army to put down the protestant uprising in the Netherlands.
1571 Exiled Christianised Muslims from Spain.
1571 Spanish navy destroys Turkish navy.
1580 Conquers Portugal and claims it's throne.
1584 The magnificent El Escorial palace was completed near Madrid.
1588 Philip sends the Spanish Armada to invade England.
1590- 1598 Spanish war against the Huguenots in France.
1598 Philip of Spain died, September 13th. 
Ten things you probably never knew about Philip of Spain:
  1. Philip of Spain was King of England as well for a brief period of time! He was married to Queen Mary.
  2. He became King of Spain before his father died.
  3. Philip was brought up by Roman Catholic Clergymen.
  4. Philip inherited a lot of land in South America, including most of modern Brazil, Peru, Honduras and Mexico!
  5. Philip banned the Protestant religion in all of the countries he ruled.
  6. Philip disliked the English because of the 'pirates' such as Drake and Raleigh.
  7. Philip wanted to make England a Catholic country again.
  8. King Philip married 4 times.
  9. Philip made use of the Spanish Inquisition to control his people.
  10. The Philippines are named after King Philip of Spain.
Famously linked with: The Spanish Armada
The Tudor Dynasty
Significant events of the Tudor period
Personalities of the era







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Recommended Resources - new site. Including Blog and use of twitter for free text / IM revision tips. highly recommends these sites: - new site aiming to provide an accessible narrative for GCSE History pupils. - fantastic range of interactive games, revision materials and links. - outstanding use of ICT to engage pupils. - a brilliant range of learning activities from Ian Dawson - simply the best for Modern World GCSE students - resources and CPD materials from the Historical Association. - make your lessons 'real' with artefacts and living history provided by experts - same author as this site, just put together in a slightly different way! - all new resources for teachers and pupils of the SHP Medicine course - A new site providing resources for teachers and pupils of the Crime and Punishment unit - excellent range of photographs of Yorkshire scenery. Militaria - a range of interesting pieces of militaria is available via tihs site
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