Act of Union with Wales
The Act of Union with Wales came about between the
years 1536 and 1543 as a result of a series of laws
passed in the English Parliament.
had been under the control of the English Kings since
the conquests of Edward I and had been ruled as a
principality. This meant that some laws were different
in Wales to those in England. Following the Battle
of Bosworth Field and Henry VII's victory there the
links between the two countries became a little stronger.
Henry was Welsh and many of his followers were from
second Tudor monarch, Henry VIII was concerned that
some of the Welsh lords were against his Split with
Rome and there was evidence to suggest that some of
the marcher Lords were harboring English criminals.
To combat this, and to protect the Welsh coast from
a French or Spanish invasion, Henry opted to take
a firmer grip on the Principality.
Act of Union, in reality a series of laws, meant that
Wales was to be represented in English parliaments.
It also meant that English, not Welsh, was to be the
first language of the country: a move that is still
resented by some Welsh people today.